Bucks Assizes 1784-1855 (CD)

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These extracts of Prisoners from the Buckinghamshire Assize Records have been taken from a number of sources, locally and nationally. They cover the annual Lent and Summer Sessions for the years 1784-1856 and have been transcribed from the printed Lists of Prisoners at the time of the Gaol Delivery. In some cases these documents have not survived and the missing years are so indicated in the chronological listing. Some effort was made to augment them from newspaper reports but this has not proved to be sufficiently consistent and therefore dependable to be proceeded with other than where indicated.
The CD has a searchable database of both the accused and the aggrieved
Description

These extracts of Prisoners from the Buckinghamshire Assize Records have been taken from a number of sources, locally and nationally. They cover the annual Lent and Summer Sessions for the years 1784-1856 and have been transcribed from the printed Lists of Prisoners at the time of the Gaol Delivery. In some cases these documents have not survived and the missing years are so indicated in the chronological listing. Some effort was made to augment them from newspaper reports but this has not proved to be sufficiently consistent and therefore dependable to be proceeded with other than where indicated.
The CD has a searchable database of both the accused and the aggrieved

From 1818 the lists of those arraigned at the Quarter Sessions contain those still in gaol who were sentenced at earlier Assizes. Missing Assize Calendars have been augmented from this source and as in these cases the names of the aggrieved parties were not recorded, the actual offence for which the conviction took place has been added.

What was the division between Quarter Sessions and the Assize and how was it decided at which Court a particular prisoner was tried? The theory was that the more important cases were referred to the higher Court because of the seriousness of the offence. This, however, is not always borne out by the records as relatively minor offences were tried at the Assize whilst some capital sentences were handed down at Quarter Sessions. It was often a question of expense as the cost of Quarter Session proceedings, the arrest and detention whilst in gaol and so on, were met by County funds whilst similar expenses of Assize fell on central Government. Local Justices were therefore more likely to commit as many prisoners to the Assize as was reasonable to reduce the burden on County funds.

Crimes before Quarter Session varied from Petty Larceny to assault and rape. Assize Courts dealt with all manner of Civil Actions as well as very serious criminal cases. As time went by, however, the increasing work load of the Quarter Sessions led to the establishment of Petty Sessions were minor cases were dealt with - outside the remit of this exercise.

Details of offences have not been recorded (other than in the cases mentioned above) nor have the relative verdicts - only the name of the aggrieved party where shown, so the accused may have left Court without a stain on their character and therefore reference should be made to the relative document once a candidate for research has been identified. In the cases where the names have been taken from the Quarter Session Calendars detailed above, the prisoners have clearly been convicted of the crime mentioned.

Windows PC only - Not MAC compatible
Contains same information as Fiche F235

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